Neat stuff from @MedievalScholar on Twitter:
Note that unfortunately, despite looking very very cool. No, Baldwin IV did not wear a silver mask as depicted in the movie “Kingdom of Heaven.”
There are no contemporary sources that support the idea of Baldwin wearing a facial covering, especially one depicted in the movie.
Baldwin IV was born in Jerusalem in 1161 to King Amalric I and Queen Agnes.
Baldwin would be diagnosed with the devastating disease leprosy at the age of nine. A disease that would ravage his body, but not his spirit.
At a young age, Baldwin would be educated and tutored by William of Tyre. He would note that the young Baldwin displayed insensitivity to pain when his arm was pinched or even bitten. As a result, leprosy was suspected.
Baldwin would become King of Jerusalem on July 11th, 1174 after the sudden death of his father Amalric I due to dysentery. He would be crowned in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.
Under normal circumstances, the coronations of Medieval rulers would take place on Sundays.
However Baldwin would be coronated on July 15th, 1174 as it was the 75th anniversary of the seizure of Jerusalem in the First Crusade.
At the age of 13, Baldwin was too young to rule on his own, so
… Read the rest
I volunteered to serve in the United States Air Force and do not regret the decision. During my time as an Intelligence Analyst, my unit was involved in Latin America, Europe, Africa, the Middle East and Asia. I saw some extraordinary things and the DOD paid for college and grad school.
However, since I left active duty in 1997 I have come to a better understanding of what “Just War” involves, and our nation’s history of nearly non-stop war….for land, wealth and control. It began with our rebellion against a Christian monarch in England because 3% taxes were unreasonable. Today most of us pay several times that just in sales taxes…and 10 times that in income taxes in support of a anti-Christian state which persecutes us.
Rarely has the United States fought a defensive war, and even if that prerequisite is ignored, our means have almost always been unjust (such as with the intentional fire-bombing of German civilians or the atomic bombing of Japanese civilians).
Having abandoned our own constitutional republic for a corporatist mobocracy, today we seem to be fighting offensive actions designed to force secular democracy on others. This wouldn’t even satisfy the neo-conservative principles I once believed in, and that many on the right still cling to as if they were taught by Christ Himself. Trump’s recent bombing of Syria brought out the worst in the Right, most of whom applauded the decision, but none of whom could explain why it is good that we … Read the rest